The Basics of Air Conditioning and How It Works

Understanding the Fundamentals of Air Conditioning and Its Functioning

Most individuals need to be made aware of the basic functioning of their central air conditioning system. They believe an air conditioner works by introducing cool air into their house. But your air conditioner circulates cool air while removing warm air. A central air conditioning system may clean the air, chill or heat it, and regulate its moisture. There are many ways to cool our home, but the fundamentals of any central air conditioning system are the same.

You will also have a mechanism to remove warm air to make cool air. A way to control or regulate your system, often your duct system, and a way to distribute the air to every room in your house (thermostat). Depending on the manufacturer and location, individual air conditioning systems may differ in design, but they all follow the same basic principles and techniques.

Controlling temperature is the primary element of your air conditioning system. Your thermostat delivers a signal to the air conditioner when the temperature exceeds a set level. The air conditioner will now be ready to operate when this happens. The “heart” of the system is the compressor, which is managed by the thermostat. The system’s refrigerant flows because of the compressor, which also serves as a pump. Its function is to draw in a gas form of a low-pressure, low-temperature refrigerant and compress it to increase its pressure and temperature. The condenser coil receives this high-pressure, high-temperature gas after that.

The condenser coil consists of a network of pipes and a fan that circulates outside air across the coil. The air absorbs heat from the refrigerant as it passes through the condenser coil, and the cooler outside air moves across the coil, which causes the refrigerant to condense from a gas to a liquid state. The high-pressure, high-temperature liquid then reaches the expansion valve.

The “brain” of the system is the expansion valve. The refrigerant expands into a low-pressure, low-temperature gas due to the device’s ability to sense the temperature of the evaporator, also known as the cooling coil, through a very tiny hole in which liquid can pass. The evaporator receives this “cool” refrigerant.

An air handler or furnace will blow indoor air across the evaporator coil, causing the coil to absorb heat from the air. After that, ducting brings the cooled air into the house. Returning to the compressor, the refrigerant then circulates, beginning the cycle. A split system is used to power most central air conditioning units. In other words, they comprise a “hot” side, or the condensing unit placed outside of your home, and a “cold” side placed inside. The expansion valve and cold coil on the cold side are often found in your furnace or another air handler. A cooling effect occurs when the furnace forces air through an evaporator coil. Then, air ducts distribute this cold air throughout your house. Geothermal systems and heat pumps are additional possibilities for cooling your house. These systems also work on the same fundamental tenet of removing and replacing warm and cool air.

Understanding how air conditioning systems and how it works are assessed for efficiency. So those are the basics of your cooling system: the thermostat for setting the temperature, the central air conditioner for removing heated air and producing cool air, and a duct system for distributing the air throughout your house. The air you breathe is heated, cleaned, and cooled at Air Conditioning Gold Coast | Asset Aircon & Elec. We provide air conditioning services around Gold Coast and much-needed information for your air conditioning needs that will keep you comfortable!